AIDA – Associazione Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dell’Apnea, fondata nel 1992, gestisce e supervisiona il riconoscimento di record, definisce standard di sicurezza ed organizza eventi e competizioni in tutto il mondo. Attiva anche dal punto di vista didattico, AIDA supporta l’istruzione dell’apnea attraverso la definizione di standard didattici e la formazione di apneisti ed istruttori . Dal 1993 , AIDA International ha officiato più di 240 record mondiali.
Discipline ed Attuali record Nazionali
No Limit (NLT)
The freediver descends with the help of a ballast weight and ascends via a method of his choice. No limits is the deepest depth discipline. The athlete descends with a sled and ascends with a balloon, a diving suit ,or a vest with inflatable compartments, or whatever other means. NLT attempts are currently not sanctioned by AIDA International.
Variable Weight – Assetto Variabile (VWT)
The freediver descends with the help of a ballast weight and ascends using his own power: arms and/or legs, either by pulling or not pulling on the rope. Variable weight is one of the two depth disciplines which employ the use of a sled to descend in the water. With old-style sleds, the athlete descended “head first” as seen in Luc Besson’s famous movie “Le Grand Bleu”, but new generation sleds are “feet first” which allows for easier equalization for the athlete. Variable weight is only done as a record attempt and is not a competition discipline.
Record Nazionale Maschile: Andrea Zuccari -135m, Luogo: Sharm El Sheik il 02.12.2013
Record Nazionale Femminile: MariaFelicia Carraturo -120 m, Luogo: Sharm El Sheik il 26.08.2015
Constant Weight- Assetto Costante (CWT)
The freediver descends and ascends with the use of fins/monofin and/or with the use of his arms. Pulling on the rope or changing his ballast will result in disqualification; only a single hold of the rope is allowed in order to turn and stop the descent and start the ascent. Constant weight is the most widely practiced and known sportive depth discipline of freediving due to the specific fins or monofins used in it. Constant weight is one of the three disciplines included for international team competitions along with Static apnea and Dynamic with fins.
Record Nazionale Maschile: Davide Carrera -107m, Luogo: Roatan- Honduras-Carribean Cup il 30.05.2016
Record Nazionale Femminile: Alessia Zecchini -86 m, Luogo: Sharm El Sheik il XX.XX.XX
Constant Weight Without Fins- Assetto Costante senza Attrezzi (CNF)
The freediver descends and ascends underwater using a variation of breastroke swimming stroke without the use of propulsion equipment and without pulling on the rope. Constant weight without fins is the most difficult sportive depth discipline because it requires the most strength and the diver is unaided by fins . CNF exemplifies perfect coordination between propulsing movments, equalization, technique and buoyancy.
Record Nazionale: Michele Tomasi -71m, Luogo: Dean’s Blue Hole – Bahamas – Vertical Blue il 10.11.2013
Record Nazionale Femminile: Ilaria Molinari -50 m, Luogo: Sharm El Sheik il 2015
Free Immersion- Immersione Libera (FIM)
The freediver dives under water without the use of propulsion equipment (fins) but uses the rope to pull to descend and ascend. Free immersion is the most relaxing discipline and is used as a training tool to learn equalisaton techniques. Athletes may experience the most enjoyable sensations in FIM because of the speed of the water over the body and the power of each pull on the rope as the only means of propulsion.
Record Nazionale: Homar Leuci -95m, Luogo: Dean’s Blue Hole – Bahamas – Vertical Blue il 22.04.2016
Record Nazionale Femminile: Linda Paganelli -72 m, Luogo: Dahab il 23.06.2016
Dynamic With Fins – Dinamica con Attrezzatura (DYN)
DYN is most often a pool discipline in which the freediver travels in a horizontal position underwater attempting to cover the greatest possible distance. Any propulsion aids, other than fins or a monofin and swimming movements with the arms, are prohibited. Dynamic with fins is the most common of the horizontal distance disciplines because of the specific means of propulsion ;long fins or monofin. For a performance to be officially recognized there are minimum depth and length requirements for pools. Pool competitions most often comprise a performance in DYN, DNF, and STA but some competitions are a combine’ of DYN and STA.
Record Nazionale Maschile: Andrea Vitturini 266,84m, Luogo: Mulhouse il 30.07.2015 (Record CMAS)
Record Nazionale Femminile: Ilaria Bonin XXX, Luogo: Tenerife il 17.10.2014 (Record CMAS)
Dynamic Without Fins – Dinamica Senza Pinne (DYN)
The freediver travels in a horizontal position underwater attempting to cover the greatest possible distance using a modified breaststoke . Propulsion aids of any sort are prohibited. DYN requires good technique, relaxation, and a long breath hold in order to achieve the greatest distance. The minimum pool standards are the same as for DYN.
Record Nazionale Maschile:
Record Nazionale Femminile:
Static – Statica (STA)
The freediver holds his breath for as long as possible with his nose and mouth immersed while floating on the surface of the water or standing on the bottom of a pool. Static apnea is the only discipline based on time of breathhold and not distance . It is one of the three disciplines included in Team World Championships along with CWT and DYN . Performances are recognized in both pool or open water (sea, lake, river, etc).
Record Nazionale Maschile: Gaspare Battaglia 8’21”, Luogo: Lignano il 09.06.2016
Record Nazionale Femminile: Alessia Zecchini 6’39”, Luogo: Cagliari il 20.09.2014